Krumen "Down The Coast": Liberian migrants On the West African coast in the 19th century
MetadataShow full item record
This paper discusses migrant laborers from eastern Liberia called Krumen who worked along Africa's west coast in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the system of which they were a part. The study focuses on areas where Britishers were working. British traders and British officials who established themselves in areas of present-day Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone in the nineteenth century depended on Africans for the day-to-day operation of their activities. When they did not find willing helpers close at hand, they recruited Africans from other West African countries. Skilled artisans and clerks came from Sierra Leone and Ghana. Unskilled laborers - who worked on one- or, at most, two-year contracts - were brought from eastern Liberia. Men from along Liberia's eastern seaboard had worked for Europeans on shipboard since the eighteenth century; in the early nineteenth century they began to work on shore.[TRUNCATED]
African Studies Center Working Paper No. 64
RightsCopyright © 1982, by the author.