A case for modified sedentism among earlier hunter-gatherers in southern Africa
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This paper examines the validity of employing direct ethnographic analogy in archaeological reconstruction even when there is believed to be some generic relationship between the ancient and modern populations in question. It is suggested that significant differences may have prevailed in the past with respect to subsistence strategies, settlement pattern or other aspect,s of demography, and social organization, especially under favorable environmental regimes of dependable productivity and in the absence of disrupting contact with food-producing peoples. In particular, using specific archaeological data from southern Zambia as a basis for comparison, a case is presented for prehistoric adaptations which may have featured non-transhumant behavior and thus contrast with what is observed among many contemporary and recent African hunter-gatherers.
African Studies Center Working Paper No. 72
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