East German relations with sub-Saharan Africa: proletarian internationalism vs. "mutual advantage"
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This paper will look at the political economy of relations between the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the countries of sub-Saharan Africa. These relations have generated a considerable amount of interest in the West in the past decade, as the former Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique gained their independence and opted for a close alliance with the socialist countries. Almost coinciding with these events, the ancient monarchy in Ethiopia was overthrown by a revolutionary movement which allied itself increasingly with the Soviet Union and its Eastern European allies. Relations between the GDR and these three African countries thus became particularly close, leading to a certain amount of hysteria in certain Western circles about the possibility of the entire "black continent" going "red." The GDR was seen by these observers to be a tool for spreading Soviet hegemonic ambitions to the African
African Studies Center Working Paper No. 100
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