Glycoprotein-NMB and the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor regulatory circuitry in tuberous sclerosis complex associated tumors
Probst, Clemens Kemena
MetadataShow full item record
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome characterized by the growth of benign tumors in multiple organ systems including brain, lung, kidney, skin, and heart. Kidney angiomyolipoma (AML) are benign, slow growing renal tumors that are seen in about 80% of TSC patients, but also occur sporadically. Although heterogeneous in nature, AMLs have a relatively low somatic mutation rate compared to most other cancers, with biallelic loss of either TSC1 or TSC2 gene considered as the primary and sufficient driver for tumor development. We hypothesized that epigenetic alterations of the AML chromatin landscape change the transcriptional dynamics of the underlying genetic system that supports and gives rise to the tumor-cell phenotype. Our data have identified microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) to be an orchestrating gene in AML development, as 6 out of the top 10 differentially expressed genes in AML are putative MITF-target genes. Integrative analysis of RNA Seq (n=28), H3K27ac ChIP Seq (n=25) and MITF ChIP Seq data (n=3), obtained from fresh-frozen kidney AML specimens, has enabled us to characterize components of a tumor-specific regulatory network under the transcriptional control of MITF. This novel approach has the potential to identify a variety of therapeutic targets, as well as provide unprecedented insight into the mechanisms behind angiomyolipoma development.
RightsAttribution 4.0 International