How did that interaction make you feel? The relationship between quality of everyday social experiences and emotion in people with and without schizophrenia
Gard, David E.
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Citation (published version)Jasmine Mote, David E Gard, Rachel Gonzalez, Daniel Fulford. 2019. "How did that interaction make you feel? The relationship between quality of everyday social experiences and emotion in people with and without schizophrenia.." PLoS One, Volume 14, Issue 9, pp. e0223003 - ?. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223003
People with schizophrenia report positive emotion during social interactions in ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies; however, few of these studies examine the qualities of social interactions (e.g., intimacy) that may affect emotion experience. In the current EMA study, people with (n = 20) and without schizophrenia (n = 15) answered questions about the quality of their social interactions, including their emotion experiences. We also explored the relationship between EMA-reported social experiences and trait loneliness, negative symptoms, and social functioning. People with and without schizophrenia did not differ in EMA-reported proportion of time spent with others, extent of involvement during social interactions, intimacy of interactions, or average number of social interactions. Both people with and without schizophrenia reported more positive than negative emotion during social experiences. However, people with schizophrenia reported more loneliness, more severe negative symptoms, and impaired social functioning compared to people without schizophrenia. Further, specific qualities of social interactions (intimacy of interaction, involvement during interaction) were related to happiness during interactions only in people without schizophrenia. These results suggest that while people with and without schizophrenia report similar rates of in-the-moment social emotion experiences, the impact of social interaction quality on emotion may differ between groups.
RightsCopyright: © 2019 Mote et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.