A longitudinal and multi-national study in impact of community well-being on individual well-being
Solberg, Vernon S.H.
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Citation (published version)H. Kim, V.S.H. Solberg, J.F. Zaff. "A Longitudinal and Multi-National Study in Impact of Community Well-being on Individual Well-being." Current Psychology: developmental - learning - personality - social,
Using the Gallup World Poll (2018), this study examined the subjective Individual Well-being (positive and negative affect) and subjective Community Well-being (perceptions for freedom of choice and social support) among 155 countries across an 8-year period. Using Latent Class Growth Analysis the results indicated that the 155 countries could be classified into three major groups—countries reporting high freedom of choice and high social support, low freedom of choice and low social support, and low freedom of choice and high social support. From the results of both multi-group Growth Mixed Model and Growth Curve Model, the three groups were found to vary with respect to positive and negative affect with higher positive affect and lower negative affect reported in countries classified as high freedom of choice and high social support, lower positive affect and higher negative affect reported in countries classified as low freedom of choice and low social support, and lower positive and lower negative affect reported in countries classified as low freedom of choice and high social support. These results indicate that higher freedom of choice in a country may encourage positive affect of people, and stronger social support systems of a country may prevent negative affect of people.