Dissecting the multi-functional role of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein H1 in methamphetamine addiction traits
Ruan, Qiu T.
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Both genetic and environment factors influence susceptibility to substance use disorders. However, the genetic basis of these disorders is largely unknown. We previously identified Hnrnph1 (heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein H1) as a quantitative trait gene for reduced methamphetamine (MA) stimulant sensitivity. Mutation (heterozygous deletion of a small region in the first coding exon) in Hnrnph1 also decreased MA reinforcement, reward, and dopamine release. 5’UTR genetic variants in Hnrnph1 support reduced 5’UTR usage and hnRNP H protein expression as a molecular mechanism underlying the reduced MA-induced psychostimulant response. Interestingly, Hnrnph1 mutant mice show a two-fold increase in hnRNP H protein in the striatal synaptosome with no change in whole tissue level. Proteome profiling of the synaptosome identified an increase in mitochondrial complex I and V proteins that rapidly decreased with MA in Hnrnph1 mutants. In contrast, the much lower level of basal mitochondrial proteins in the wild-type mice showed a rapid, MA-induced increase. Altered mitochondrial proteins associated with the Hnrnph1 mutation may contribute to reductions in MA behaviors. hnRNP H1 is an abundant RNA-binding protein in the brain, involved in all aspect of post-transcriptional regulation. We examined both baseline and MA-induced changes in hnRNP H-RNA interactions to identify targets of hnRNP H that could comprise the neurobiological mechanisms of cellular adaptations occurring following MA exposure. hnRNP H post-transcriptionally regulates a set of mRNA transcripts in the striatum involved in psychostimulant-induced synaptic plasticity. MA treatment induced opposite changes in binding of hnRNP H to these mRNA transcripts between Hnrnph1 mutants versus wild-types. RNA-binding, transcriptome, and spliceome analyses triangulated on hnRNP H binding to the 3’UTR of Cacna2d2, an upregulation of Cacna2d2 transcript, and decreased 3’UTR usage of Cacna2d2 in response to MA in the Hnrnph1 mutants. Cacna2d2 codes for a presynaptic, voltage-gated calcium channel subunit that could plausibly regulate MA-induced dopamine release and behavior. The multi-omics datasets point to a dysregulation of mitochondrial function and interrelated calcium signaling as potential mechanisms underlying MA-induced dopamine release and behavior in Hnrnph1 mutants.
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