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dc.contributor.authorKim, Jae-Youngen_US
dc.contributor.authorKrichbaum, Thomas P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBroderick, Avery E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWielgus, Macieken_US
dc.contributor.authorBlackburn, Lindyen_US
dc.contributor.authorGómez, José L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Michael D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBouman, Katherine L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChael, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorAkiyama, Kazunorien_US
dc.contributor.authorJorstad, Svetlanaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarscher, Alan P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorIssaoun, Saraen_US
dc.contributor.authorJanssen, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, Chi-kwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorSavolainen, Tuomasen_US
dc.contributor.authorPesce, Dominic W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorÖzel, Feryalen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlberdi, Antxonen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlef, Walteren_US
dc.contributor.authorAsada, Keiichien_US
dc.contributor.authorAzulay, Rebeccaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBaczko, Anne-Kathrinen_US
dc.contributor.authorBall, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorBaloković, Mislaven_US
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorBintley, Danen_US
dc.contributor.authorBoland, Wilfreden_US
dc.contributor.authorBower, Geoffrey C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBremer, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorBrinkerink, Christiaan D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBrissenden, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.authorBritzen, Silkeen_US
dc.contributor.authorBroguiere, Dominiqueen_US
dc.contributor.authorBronzwaer, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.authorByun, Do-Youngen_US
dc.contributor.authorCarlstrom, John E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Shamien_US
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Koushiken_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ming-Tangen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yongjunen_US
dc.contributor.authorCho, Iljeen_US
dc.contributor.authorChristian, Pierreen_US
dc.contributor.authorConway, John E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCordes, James M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCrew, Geoffrey B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yuzhuen_US
dc.contributor.authorDavelaar, Jordyen_US
dc.contributor.authorDe Laurentis, Mariafeliciaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDeane, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.authorDempsey, Jessicaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDesvignes, Gregoryen_US
dc.contributor.authorDexter, Jasonen_US
dc.contributor.authorDoeleman, Sheperd S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEatough, Ralph P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFalcke, Heinoen_US
dc.contributor.authorFish, Vincent L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFomalont, Eden_US
dc.contributor.authorFraga-Encinas, Raquelen_US
dc.contributor.authorFriberg, Peren_US
dc.contributor.authorFromm, Christian M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGalison, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorGammie, Charles F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGentaz, Olivieren_US
dc.contributor.authorGeorgiev, Borisen_US
dc.contributor.authorGoddi, Ciriacoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGold, Romanen_US
dc.contributor.authorGómez-Ruiz, Arturo I.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGu, Minfengen_US
dc.contributor.authorGurwell, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorHada, Kazuhiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorHecht, Michael H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHesper, Ronalden_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, Luis C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorHonma, Marekien_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Chih-Wei L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Leien_US
dc.contributor.authorHughes, David H..en_US
dc.contributor.authorIkeda, Shiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorInoue, Makotoen_US
dc.contributor.authorJames, David J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJannuzi, Buell T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJeter, Brittonen_US
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Wuen_US
dc.contributor.authorJimenez-Rosales, Alejandraen_US
dc.contributor.authorJung, Taehyunen_US
dc.contributor.authorKarami, Mansouren_US
dc.contributor.authorKaruppusamy, Rameshen_US
dc.contributor.authorKawashima, Tomohisaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKeating, Garrett K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKettenis, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Junhanen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jongsooen_US
dc.contributor.authorKino, Motokien_US
dc.contributor.authorKoay, Jun Yien_US
dc.contributor.authorKoch, Patrick M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKoyama, Shokoen_US
dc.contributor.authorKramer, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorKramer, Carstenen_US
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Cheng-Yuen_US
dc.contributor.authorLauer, Tod R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Sang-Sungen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yan-Rongen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Zhiyuanen_US
dc.contributor.authorLindqvist, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorLico, Roccoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Kuoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiuzzo, Elisabettaen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, Wen-Pingen_US
dc.contributor.authorLobanov, Andrei P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLoinard, Laurenten_US
dc.contributor.authorLonsdale, Colinen_US
dc.contributor.authorLu, Ru-Senen_US
dc.contributor.authorMacDonald, Nicholas R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMao, Jirongen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarkoff, Seraen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarrone, Daniel P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMartí-Vidal, Ivánen_US
dc.contributor.authorMatsushita, Satokien_US
dc.contributor.authorMatthews, Lynn D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMedeiros, Liaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMenten, Karl Men_US
dc.contributor.authorMizuno, Yosukeen_US
dc.contributor.authorMizuno, Izumien_US
dc.contributor.authorMoran, James M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoriyama, Kotaroen_US
dc.contributor.authorMoscibrodzka, Monikaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMusoke, Gibwaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMüller, Corneliaen_US
dc.contributor.authorNagai, Hiroshien_US
dc.contributor.authorNagar, Neil M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNakamura, Masanorien_US
dc.contributor.authorNarayan, Rameshen_US
dc.contributor.authorNarayanan, Gopalen_US
dc.contributor.authorNatarajan, Iniyanen_US
dc.contributor.authorNeri, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorNi, Chunchongen_US
dc.contributor.authorNoutsos, Aristeidisen_US
dc.contributor.authorOkino, Hirokien_US
dc.contributor.authorOlivares, Héctoren_US
dc.contributor.authorOrtiz-León, Gisela N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOyama, Tomoakien_US
dc.contributor.authorPalumbo, Daniel C.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPark, Jonghoen_US
dc.contributor.authorPatel, Nimeshen_US
dc.contributor.authorPen, Ue-Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorPiétu, Vincenten_US
dc.contributor.authorPlambeck, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.authorPopStefanija, Aleksandaren_US
dc.contributor.authorPorth, Oliveren_US
dc.contributor.authorPrather, Benen_US
dc.contributor.authorPreciado-López, Jorge A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPsaltis, Dimitriosen_US
dc.contributor.authorPu, Hung-Yien_US
dc.contributor.authorRamakrishnan, Venkatesshen_US
dc.contributor.authorRao, Ramprasaden_US
dc.contributor.authorRawlings, Mark G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRaymond, Alexander W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRezzolla, Lucianoen_US
dc.contributor.authorRipperda, Barten_US
dc.contributor.authorRoelofs, Freeken_US
dc.contributor.authorRogers, Alanen_US
dc.contributor.authorRos, Eduardoen_US
dc.contributor.authorRose, Melen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoshanineshat, Arashen_US
dc.contributor.authorRottmann, Helgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Alan L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRuszczyk, Cheten_US
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Benjamin R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRygl, Kazi L.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, Salvadoren_US
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Arguelles, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorSasada, Mahitoen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchloerb, F. Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorSchuster, Karl-Friedrichen_US
dc.contributor.authorShao, Lijingen_US
dc.contributor.authorShen, Zhiqiangen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmall, Desen_US
dc.contributor.authorSohn, Bong Wonen_US
dc.contributor.authorSooHoo, Jasonen_US
dc.contributor.authorTazaki, Fumieen_US
dc.contributor.authorTiede, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorTilanus, Remo P.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTitus, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorToma, Kenjien_US
dc.contributor.authorTorne, Pabloen_US
dc.contributor.authorTrent, Tyleren_US
dc.contributor.authorTraianou, Efthaliaen_US
dc.contributor.authorTrippe, Saschaen_US
dc.contributor.authorTsuda, Shuichiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Bemmel, Ilseen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Langevelde, Huib Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Rossum, Daniel R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorWardle, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorWard-Thompson, Dereken_US
dc.contributor.authorWeintroub, Jonathanen_US
dc.contributor.authorWex, Norberten_US
dc.contributor.authorWharton, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, George N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWu, Qingwenen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoon, Doosooen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Andréen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Kenen_US
dc.contributor.authorYounsi, Zirien_US
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Fengen_US
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Ye-Feien_US
dc.contributor.authorZensus, J. Antonen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Guangyaoen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Shan-Shanen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Ziyanen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlgaba, Juan-Carlosen_US
dc.contributor.authorAllardi, Alexanderen_US
dc.contributor.authorAmestica, Rodrigoen_US
dc.contributor.authorAnczarski, Jadynen_US
dc.contributor.authorBach, Uween_US
dc.contributor.authorBaganoff, Frederick K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBeaudoin, Christopheren_US
dc.contributor.authorBenson, Bradford A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBerthold, Ryanen_US
dc.contributor.authorBlanchard, Jay M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBlundell, Rayen_US
dc.contributor.authorBustamente, Sandraen_US
dc.contributor.authorCappallo, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.authorCastillo-Domínguez, Edgaren_US
dc.contributor.authorChang, Chih-Chengen_US
dc.contributor.authorChang, Shu-Haoen_US
dc.contributor.authorChang, Song-Chuen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Chung-Chenen_US
dc.contributor.authorChilson, Ryanen_US
dc.contributor.authorChuter, Tim C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRosado, Rodrigo Córdovaen_US
dc.contributor.authorCoulson, Iain M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCrowley, Josephen_US
dc.contributor.authorDerome, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorDexter, Matthewen_US
dc.contributor.authorDornbusch, Svenen_US
dc.contributor.authorDudevoir, Kevin A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDzib, Sergio A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEckart, Andreasen_US
dc.contributor.authorEckert, Chrisen_US
dc.contributor.authorErickson, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEverett, Wendeline B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFaber, Aaronen_US
dc.contributor.authorFarah, Joseph R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFath, Vernonen_US
dc.contributor.authorFolkers, Thomas W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorForbes, David C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFreund, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorGale, David M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGao, Fengen_US
dc.contributor.authorGeertsema, Gertieen_US
dc.contributor.authorGraham, David A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGreer, Christopher H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGrosslein, Ronalden_US
dc.contributor.authorGueth, Frédéricen_US
dc.contributor.authorHaggard, Darylen_US
dc.contributor.authorHalverson, Nils W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHan, Chih-Chiangen_US
dc.contributor.authorHan, Kuo-Changen_US
dc.contributor.authorHao, Jinchien_US
dc.contributor.authorHasegawa, Yutakaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHenning, Jason W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHernández-Gómez, Antonioen_US
dc.contributor.authorHerrero-Illana, Rubénen_US
dc.contributor.authorHeyminck, Stefanen_US
dc.contributor.authorHirota, Akihikoen_US
dc.contributor.authorHoge, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Yau-Deen_US
dc.contributor.authorViolette Impellizzeri, C.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Hominen_US
dc.contributor.authorJohn, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorKamble, Atishen_US
dc.contributor.authorKeisler, Ryanen_US
dc.contributor.authorKimura, Kimihiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorKono, Yusukeen_US
dc.contributor.authorKubo, Dereken_US
dc.contributor.authorKuroda, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorLacasse, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.authorLaing, Robert A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeitch, Erik M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Chao-Teen_US
dc.contributor.authorLin, Lupin C.-C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Ching-Tangen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Kuan-Yuen_US
dc.contributor.authorLu, Li-Mingen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarson, Ralph G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMartin-Cocher, Pierre L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMassingill, Kyle D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMatulonis, Callieen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcColl, Martin P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMcWhirter, Stephen R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMessias, Hugoen_US
dc.contributor.authorMeyer-Zhao, Zhengen_US
dc.contributor.authorMichalik, Danielen_US
dc.contributor.authorMontaña, Alfredoen_US
dc.contributor.authorMontgomerie, Williamen_US
dc.contributor.authorMora-Klein, Matiasen_US
dc.contributor.authorMuders, Dirken_US
dc.contributor.authorNadolski, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, Santiagoen_US
dc.contributor.authorNeilsen, Josephen_US
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Chi H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNishioka, Hiroakien_US
dc.contributor.authorNorton, Timothyen_US
dc.contributor.authorNowak, Michael A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNystrom, Georgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorOgawa, Hideoen_US
dc.contributor.authorOshiro, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorOyama, Tomoakien_US
dc.contributor.authorParsons, Harrieten_US
dc.contributor.authorPeñalver, Juanen_US
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Neil M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPoirier, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorPradel, Nicolasen_US
dc.contributor.authorPrimiani, Rurik A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRaffin, Philippe A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRahlin, Alexandra S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorReiland, Georgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorRisacher, Christopheren_US
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Ignacioen_US
dc.contributor.authorSáez-Madaín, Alejandro F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSassella, Remien_US
dc.contributor.authorSchellart, Pimen_US
dc.contributor.authorShaw, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Kevin M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorShiokawa, Hotakaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmith, David R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSnow, Williamen_US
dc.contributor.authorSouccar, Kamalen_US
dc.contributor.authorSousa, Donen_US
dc.contributor.authorSridharan, Tirupati K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSrinivasan, Ranjanien_US
dc.contributor.authorStahm, Williamen_US
dc.contributor.authorStark, Antony A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStory, Kyleen_US
dc.contributor.authorTimmer, Sjoerd T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVertatschitsch, Lauraen_US
dc.contributor.authorWalther, Craigen_US
dc.contributor.authorWei, Ta-Shunen_US
dc.contributor.authorWhitehorn, Nathanen_US
dc.contributor.authorWhitney, Alan R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWoody, David P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWouterloot, Jan G.A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWright, Melvinen_US
dc.contributor.authorYamaguchi, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorYu, Chen-Yuen_US
dc.contributor.authorZeballos, Milagrosen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Shuoen_US
dc.contributor.authorZiurys, Lucyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-30T17:25:53Z
dc.date.available2021-03-30T17:25:53Z
dc.date.issued2020-08
dc.identifier.citationJae-Young Kim, Thomas P Krichbaum, Avery E Broderick, Maciek Wielgus, Lindy Blackburn, José L Gómez, Michael D Johnson, Katherine L Bouman, Andrew Chael, Kazunori Akiyama, Svetlana Jorstad, Alan P Marscher, Sara Issaoun, Michael Janssen, Chi-kwan Chan, Tuomas Savolainen, Dominic W Pesce, Feryal Özel, Antxon Alberdi, Walter Alef, Keiichi Asada, Rebecca Azulay, Anne-Kathrin Baczko, David Ball, Mislav Baloković, John Barrett, Dan Bintley, Wilfred Boland, Geoffrey C Bower, Michael Bremer, Christiaan D Brinkerink, Roger Brissenden, Silke Britzen, Dominique Broguiere, Thomas Bronzwaer, Do-Young Byun, John E Carlstrom, Shami Chatterjee, Koushik Chatterjee, Ming-Tang Chen, Yongjun Chen, Ilje Cho, Pierre Christian, John E Conway, James M Cordes, Geoffrey B Crew, Yuzhu Cui, Jordy Davelaar, Mariafelicia De Laurentis, Roger Deane, Jessica Dempsey, Gregory Desvignes, Jason Dexter, Sheperd S Doeleman, Ralph P Eatough, Heino Falcke, Vincent L Fish, Ed Fomalont, Raquel Fraga-Encinas, Per Friberg, Christian M Fromm, Peter Galison, Charles F Gammie, Roberto García, Olivier Gentaz, Boris Georgiev, Ciriaco Goddi, Roman Gold, Arturo I Gómez-Ruiz, Minfeng Gu, Mark Gurwell, Kazuhiro Hada, Michael H Hecht, Ronald Hesper, Luis C Ho, Paul Ho, Mareki Honma, Chih-Wei L Huang, Lei Huang, David H Hughes, Shiro Ikeda, Makoto Inoue, David J James, Buell T Jannuzi, Britton Jeter, Wu Jiang, Alejandra Jimenez-Rosales, Taehyun Jung, Mansour Karami, Ramesh Karuppusamy, Tomohisa Kawashima, Garrett K Keating, Mark Kettenis, Junhan Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Motoki Kino, Jun Yi Koay, Patrick M Koch, Shoko Koyama, Michael Kramer, Carsten Kramer, Cheng-Yu Kuo, Tod R Lauer, Sang-Sung Lee, Yan-Rong Li, Zhiyuan Li, Michael Lindqvist, Rocco Lico, Kuo Liu, Elisabetta Liuzzo, Wen-Ping Lo, Andrei P Lobanov, Laurent Loinard, Colin Lonsdale, Ru-Sen Lu, Nicholas R MacDonald, Jirong Mao, Sera Markoff, Daniel P Marrone, Iván Martí-Vidal, Satoki Matsushita, Lynn D Matthews, Lia Medeiros, Karl M Menten, Yosuke Mizuno, Izumi Mizuno, James M Moran, Kotaro Moriyama, Monika Moscibrodzka, Gibwa Musoke, Cornelia Müller, Hiroshi Nagai, Neil M Nagar, Masanori Nakamura, Ramesh Narayan, Gopal Narayanan, Iniyan Natarajan, Roberto Neri, Chunchong Ni, Aristeidis Noutsos, Hiroki Okino, Héctor Olivares, Gisela N Ortiz-León, Tomoaki Oyama, Daniel CM Palumbo, Jongho Park, Nimesh Patel, Ue-Li Pen, Vincent Piétu, Richard Plambeck, Aleksandar PopStefanija, Oliver Porth, Ben Prather, Jorge A Preciado-López, Dimitrios Psaltis, Hung-Yi Pu, Venkatessh Ramakrishnan, Ramprasad Rao, Mark G Rawlings, Alexander W Raymond, Luciano Rezzolla, Bart Ripperda, Freek Roelofs, Alan Rogers, Eduardo Ros, Mel Rose, Arash Roshanineshat, Helge Rottmann, Alan L Roy, Chet Ruszczyk, Benjamin R Ryan, Kazi LJ Rygl, Salvador Sánchez, David Sánchez-Arguelles, Mahito Sasada, F Peter Schloerb, Karl-Friedrich Schuster, Lijing Shao, Zhiqiang Shen, Des Small, Bong Won Sohn, Jason SooHoo, Fumie Tazaki, Paul Tiede, Remo PJ Tilanus, Michael Titus, Kenji Toma, Pablo Torne, Tyler Trent, Efthalia Traianou, Sascha Trippe, Shuichiro Tsuda, Ilse van Bemmel, Huib Jan van Langevelde, Daniel R van Rossum, Jan Wagner, John Wardle, Derek Ward-Thompson, Jonathan Weintroub, Norbert Wex, Robert Wharton, George N Wong, Qingwen Wu, Doosoo Yoon, André Young, Ken Young, Ziri Younsi, Feng Yuan, Ye-Fei Yuan, J Anton Zensus, Guangyao Zhao, Shan-Shan Zhao, Ziyan Zhu, Juan-Carlos Algaba, Alexander Allardi, Rodrigo Amestica, Jadyn Anczarski, Uwe Bach, Frederick K Baganoff, Christopher Beaudoin, Bradford A Benson, Ryan Berthold, Jay M Blanchard, Ray Blundell, Sandra Bustamente, Roger Cappallo, Edgar Castillo-Domínguez, Chih-Cheng Chang, Shu-Hao Chang, Song-Chu Chang, Chung-Chen Chen, Ryan Chilson, Tim C Chuter, Rodrigo Córdova Rosado, Iain M Coulson, Joseph Crowley, Mark Derome, Matthew Dexter, Sven Dornbusch, Kevin A Dudevoir, Sergio A Dzib, Andreas Eckart, Chris Eckert, Neal R Erickson, Wendeline B Everett, Aaron Faber, Joseph R Farah, Vernon Fath, Thomas W Folkers, David C Forbes, Robert Freund, David M Gale, Feng Gao, Gertie Geertsema, David A Graham, Christopher H Greer, Ronald Grosslein, Frédéric Gueth, Daryl Haggard, Nils W Halverson, Chih-Chiang Han, Kuo-Chang Han, Jinchi Hao, Yutaka Hasegawa, Jason W Henning, Antonio Hernández-Gómez, Rubén Herrero-Illana, Stefan Heyminck, Akihiko Hirota, James Hoge, Yau-De Huang, C.M. Violette Impellizzeri, Homin Jiang, David John, Atish Kamble, Ryan Keisler, Kimihiro Kimura, Yusuke Kono, Derek Kubo, John Kuroda, Richard Lacasse, Robert A Laing, Erik M Leitch, Chao-Te Li, Lupin C-C Lin, Ching-Tang Liu, Kuan-Yu Liu, Li-Ming Lu, Ralph G Marson, Pierre L Martin-Cocher, Kyle D Massingill, Callie Matulonis, Martin P McColl, Stephen R McWhirter, Hugo Messias, Zheng Meyer-Zhao, Daniel Michalik, Alfredo Montaña, William Montgomerie, Matias Mora-Klein, Dirk Muders, Andrew Nadolski, Santiago Navarro, Joseph Neilsen, Chi H Nguyen, Hiroaki Nishioka, Timothy Norton, Michael A Nowak, George Nystrom, Hideo Ogawa, Peter Oshiro, Tomoaki Oyama, Harriet Parsons, Juan Peñalver, Neil M Phillips, Michael Poirier, Nicolas Pradel, Rurik A Primiani, Philippe A Raffin, Alexandra S Rahlin, George Reiland, Christopher Risacher, Ignacio Ruiz, Alejandro F Sáez-Madaín, Remi Sassella, Pim Schellart, Paul Shaw, Kevin M Silva, Hotaka Shiokawa, David R Smith, William Snow, Kamal Souccar, Don Sousa, Tirupati K Sridharan, Ranjani Srinivasan, William Stahm, Antony A Stark, Kyle Story, Sjoerd T Timmer, Laura Vertatschitsch, Craig Walther, Ta-Shun Wei, Nathan Whitehorn, Alan R Whitney, David P Woody, Jan GA Wouterloot, Melvin Wright, Paul Yamaguchi, Chen-Yu Yu, Milagros Zeballos, Shuo Zhang, Lucy Ziurys. 2020. "Event Horizon Telescope imaging of the archetypal blazar 3C 279 at an extreme 20 microarcsecond resolution." Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 640, pp. A69 - A69. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202037493
dc.identifier.issn0004-6361
dc.identifier.issn1432-0746
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/42338
dc.description.abstract3C 279 is an archetypal blazar with a prominent radio jet that show broadband flux density variability across the entire electromagnetic spectrum. We use an ultra-high angular resolution technique – global Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) at 1.3 mm (230 GHz) – to resolve the innermost jet of 3C 279 in order to study its fine-scale morphology close to the jet base where highly variable γ-ray emission is thought to originate, according to various models. The source was observed during four days in April 2017 with the Event Horizon Telescope at 230 GHz, including the phased Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), at an angular resolution of ∼20 μas (at a redshift of z = 0.536 this corresponds to ∼0.13 pc  ∼ 1700 Schwarzschild radii with a black hole mass M<jats:sub>BH</jats:sub> = 8 × 10^8 M_⊙). Imaging and model-fitting techniques were applied to the data to parameterize the fine-scale source structure and its variation. We find a multicomponent inner jet morphology with the northernmost component elongated perpendicular to the direction of the jet, as imaged at longer wavelengths. The elongated nuclear structure is consistent on all four observing days and across different imaging methods and model-fitting techniques, and therefore appears robust. Owing to its compactness and brightness, we associate the northern nuclear structure as the VLBI “core”. This morphology can be interpreted as either a broad resolved jet base or a spatially bent jet. We also find significant day-to-day variations in the closure phases, which appear most pronounced on the triangles with the longest baselines. Our analysis shows that this variation is related to a systematic change of the source structure. Two inner jet components move non-radially at apparent speeds of ∼15 c and ∼20 c (∼1.3 and ∼1.7 μas day^−1, respectively), which more strongly supports the scenario of traveling shocks or instabilities in a bent, possibly rotating jet. The observed apparent speeds are also coincident with the 3C 279 large-scale jet kinematics observed at longer (cm) wavelengths, suggesting no significant jet acceleration between the 1.3 mm core and the outer jet. The intrinsic brightness temperature of the jet components are ≲10^10 K, a magnitude or more lower than typical values seen at ≥7 mm wavelengths. The low brightness temperature and morphological complexity suggest that the core region of 3C 279 becomes optically thin at short (mm) wavelengths.en_US
dc.format.extentp. A69en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherEDP Sciencesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAstronomy & Astrophysics
dc.rights© J.-Y. Kim et al. 2020. Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.subjectGalaxies: activeen_US
dc.subjectGalaxies: jetsen_US
dc.subjectGalaxies: individual: 3C 279en_US
dc.subjectTechniques: interferometricen_US
dc.subjectAstronomy & astrophysicsen_US
dc.subjectAstronomical and space sciencesen_US
dc.titleEvent Horizon Telescope imaging of the archetypal blazar 3C 279 at an extreme 20 microarcsecond resolutionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1051/0004-6361/202037493
pubs.elements-sourcecrossrefen_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: No embargoen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Astronomyen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
dc.date.online2020-08-12
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0001-7396-3332 (Marscher, Alan P)
dc.identifier.mycv570314


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© J.-Y. Kim et al. 2020. Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © J.-Y. Kim et al. 2020. Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.