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dc.contributor.authorGold, Romanen_US
dc.contributor.authorBroderick, Avery E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorYounsi, Zirien_US
dc.contributor.authorFromm, Christian M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGammie, Charles F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMościbrodzka, Monikaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPu, Hung-Yien_US
dc.contributor.authorBronzwaer, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.authorDavelaar, Jordyen_US
dc.contributor.authorDexter, Jasonen_US
dc.contributor.authorBall, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, Chi-kwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorKawashima, Tomohisaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMizuno, Yosukeen_US
dc.contributor.authorRipperda, Barten_US
dc.contributor.authorAkiyama, Kazunorien_US
dc.contributor.authorAlberdi, Antxonen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlef, Walteren_US
dc.contributor.authorAsada, Keiichien_US
dc.contributor.authorAzulay, Rebeccaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBaczko, Anne-Kathrinen_US
dc.contributor.authorBaloković, Mislaven_US
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorBintley, Danen_US
dc.contributor.authorBlackburn, Lindyen_US
dc.contributor.authorBoland, Wilfreden_US
dc.contributor.authorBouman, Katherine L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBower, Geoffrey C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBremer, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorBrinkerink, Christiaan D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBrissenden, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.authorBritzen, Silkeen_US
dc.contributor.authorBroguiere, Dominiqueen_US
dc.contributor.authorByun, Do-Youngen_US
dc.contributor.authorCarlstrom, John E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChael, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Koushiken_US
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Shamien_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ming-Tangen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yongjunen_US
dc.contributor.authorCho, Iljeen_US
dc.contributor.authorChristian, Pierreen_US
dc.contributor.authorConway, John E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCordes, James M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCrew, Geoffrey B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yuzhuen_US
dc.contributor.authorLaurentis, Mariafelicia Deen_US
dc.contributor.authorDeane, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.authorDempsey, Jessicaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDesvignes, Gregoryen_US
dc.contributor.authorDoeleman, Sheperd S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEatough, Ralph P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFalcke, Heinoen_US
dc.contributor.authorFish, Vincent L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFomalont, Eden_US
dc.contributor.authorFraga-Encinas, Raquelen_US
dc.contributor.authorFreeman, Billen_US
dc.contributor.authorFriberg, Peren_US
dc.contributor.authorGómez, José L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGalison, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGentaz, Olivieren_US
dc.contributor.authorGeorgiev, Borisen_US
dc.contributor.authorGoddi, Ciriacoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGu, Minfengen_US
dc.contributor.authorGurwell, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorHada, Kazuhiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorHecht, Michael H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHesper, Ronalden_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, Luis C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorHonma, Marekien_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Chih-Wei L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Leien_US
dc.contributor.authorHughes, David H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorInoue, Makotoen_US
dc.contributor.authorIssaoun, Saraen_US
dc.contributor.authorJames, David J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJannuzi, Buell T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJanssen, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorJeter, Brittonen_US
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Wuen_US
dc.contributor.authorJimenez-Rosales, Alejandraen_US
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Michael D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJorstad, Svetlanaen_US
dc.contributor.authorJung, Taehyunen_US
dc.contributor.authorKarami, Mansouren_US
dc.contributor.authorKaruppusamy, Rameshen_US
dc.contributor.authorKeating, Garrett K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKettenis, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jae-Youngen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Junhanen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jongsooen_US
dc.contributor.authorKino, Motokien_US
dc.contributor.authorKoay, Jun Yien_US
dc.contributor.authorKoch, Patrick M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKoyama, Shokoen_US
dc.contributor.authorKramer, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorKramer, Carstenen_US
dc.contributor.authorKrichbaum, Thomas P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Cheng-Yuen_US
dc.contributor.authorLauer, Tod R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Sang-Sungen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yan-Rongen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Zhiyuanen_US
dc.contributor.authorLico, Roccoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLindqvist, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Kuoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiuzzo, Elisabettaen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, Wen-Pingen_US
dc.contributor.authorLobanov, Andrei P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLoinard, Laurenten_US
dc.contributor.authorLonsdale, Colinen_US
dc.contributor.authorLu, Ru-Senen_US
dc.contributor.authorMacDonald, Nicholas R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMarkoff, Seraen_US
dc.contributor.authorMao, Jirongen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarrone, Daniel P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMarscher, Alan P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMartí-Vidal, Ivánen_US
dc.contributor.authorMatsushita, Satokien_US
dc.contributor.authorMatthews, Lynn D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMedeiros, Liaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMenten, Karl M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMizuno, Izumien_US
dc.contributor.authorMoran, James M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoriyama, Kotaroen_US
dc.contributor.authorMüller, Corneliaen_US
dc.contributor.authorNagai, Hiroshien_US
dc.contributor.authorNakamura, Masanorien_US
dc.contributor.authorNagar, Neil M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNarayan, Rameshen_US
dc.contributor.authorNarayanan, Gopalen_US
dc.contributor.authorNatarajan, Iniyanen_US
dc.contributor.authorNeri, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorNi, Chunchongen_US
dc.contributor.authorNoutsos, Aristeidisen_US
dc.contributor.authorOkino, Hirokien_US
dc.contributor.authorOrtiz-León, Gisela N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOyama, Tomoakien_US
dc.contributor.authorÖzel, Feryalen_US
dc.contributor.authorPalumbo, Daniel C.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPark, Jonghoen_US
dc.contributor.authorPatel, Nimeshen_US
dc.contributor.authorPen, Ue-Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorPesce, Dominic W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPlambeck, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.authorPiétu, Vincenten_US
dc.contributor.authorPopStefanija, Aleksandaren_US
dc.contributor.authorPorth, Oliveren_US
dc.contributor.authorPreciado-López, Jorge A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPsaltis, Dimitriosen_US
dc.contributor.authorRamakrishnan, Venkatesshen_US
dc.contributor.authorRao, Ramprasaden_US
dc.contributor.authorRawlings, Mark G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRaymond, Alexander W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRezzolla, Lucianoen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoelofs, Freeken_US
dc.contributor.authorRogers, Alanen_US
dc.contributor.authorRos, Eduardoen_US
dc.contributor.authorRose, Melen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoshanineshat, Arashen_US
dc.contributor.authorRottmann, Helgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Alan L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRuszczyk, Cheten_US
dc.contributor.authorRygl, Kazi L.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, Salvadoren_US
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Arguelles, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorSasada, Mahitoen_US
dc.contributor.authorSavolainen, Tuomasen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchuster, Karl-Friedrichen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchloerb, F. Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorShao, Lijingen_US
dc.contributor.authorShen, Zhiqiangen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmall, Desen_US
dc.contributor.authorSohn, Bong Wonen_US
dc.contributor.authorSooHoo, Jasonen_US
dc.contributor.authorTiede, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorTazaki, Fumieen_US
dc.contributor.authorTilanus, Remo P.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTitus, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorToma, Kenjien_US
dc.contributor.authorTorne, Pabloen_US
dc.contributor.authorTrent, Tyleren_US
dc.contributor.authorTraianou, Thaliaen_US
dc.contributor.authorTrippe, Saschaen_US
dc.contributor.authorTsuda, Shuichiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Langevelde, Huib Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorBemmel, Ilse vanen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Rossum, Daniel R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorWardle, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorWex, Norberten_US
dc.contributor.authorWeintroub, Jonathanen_US
dc.contributor.authorWharton, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorWielgus, Macieken_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, George N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWu, Qingwenen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoon, Doosooen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Kenen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Andréen_US
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Fengen_US
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Ye-Feien_US
dc.contributor.authorZensus, J. Antonen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Guangyaoen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Shan-Shanen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Ziyanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-30T18:20:01Z
dc.date.available2021-03-30T18:20:01Z
dc.identifier.citationRoman Gold, Avery E Broderick, Ziri Younsi, Christian M Fromm, Charles F Gammie, Monika Mościbrodzka, Hung-Yi Pu, Thomas Bronzwaer, Jordy Davelaar, Jason Dexter, David Ball, Chi-kwan Chan, Tomohisa Kawashima, Yosuke Mizuno, Bart Ripperda, Kazunori Akiyama, Antxon Alberdi, Walter Alef, Keiichi Asada, Rebecca Azulay, Anne-Kathrin Baczko, Mislav Baloković, John Barrett, Dan Bintley, Lindy Blackburn, Wilfred Boland, Katherine L Bouman, Geoffrey C Bower, Michael Bremer, Christiaan D Brinkerink, Roger Brissenden, Silke Britzen, Dominique Broguiere, Do-Young Byun, John E Carlstrom, Andrew Chael, Koushik Chatterjee, Shami Chatterjee, Ming-Tang Chen, Yongjun Chen, Ilje Cho, Pierre Christian, John E Conway, James M Cordes, Geoffrey B Crew, Yuzhu Cui, Mariafelicia De Laurentis, Roger Deane, Jessica Dempsey, Gregory Desvignes, Sheperd S Doeleman, Ralph P Eatough, Heino Falcke, Vincent L Fish, Ed Fomalont, Raquel Fraga-Encinas, Bill Freeman, Per Friberg, José L Gómez, Peter Galison, Roberto García, Olivier Gentaz, Boris Georgiev, Ciriaco Goddi, Minfeng Gu, Mark Gurwell, Kazuhiro Hada, Michael H Hecht, Ronald Hesper, Luis C Ho, Paul Ho, Mareki Honma, Chih-Wei L Huang, Lei Huang, David H Hughes, Makoto Inoue, Sara Issaoun, David J James, Buell T Jannuzi, Michael Janssen, Britton Jeter, Wu Jiang, Alejandra Jimenez-Rosales, Michael D Johnson, Svetlana Jorstad, Taehyun Jung, Mansour Karami, Ramesh Karuppusamy, Garrett K Keating, Mark Kettenis, Jae-Young Kim, Junhan Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Motoki Kino, Jun Yi Koay, Patrick M Koch, Shoko Koyama, Michael Kramer, Carsten Kramer, Thomas P Krichbaum, Cheng-Yu Kuo, Tod R Lauer, Sang-Sung Lee, Yan-Rong Li, Zhiyuan Li, Rocco Lico, Michael Lindqvist, Kuo Liu, Elisabetta Liuzzo, Wen-Ping Lo, Andrei P Lobanov, Laurent Loinard, Colin Lonsdale, Ru-Sen Lu, Nicholas R MacDonald, Sera Markoff, Jirong Mao, Daniel P Marrone, Alan P Marscher, Iván Martí-Vidal, Satoki Matsushita, Lynn D Matthews, Lia Medeiros, Karl M Menten, Izumi Mizuno, James M Moran, Kotaro Moriyama, Cornelia Müller, Hiroshi Nagai, Masanori Nakamura, Neil M Nagar, Ramesh Narayan, Gopal Narayanan, Iniyan Natarajan, Roberto Neri, Chunchong Ni, Aristeidis Noutsos, Hiroki Okino, Gisela N Ortiz-León, Tomoaki Oyama, Feryal Özel, Daniel CM Palumbo, Jongho Park, Nimesh Patel, Ue-Li Pen, Dominic W Pesce, Richard Plambeck, Vincent Piétu, Aleksandar PopStefanija, Oliver Porth, Jorge A Preciado-López, Dimitrios Psaltis, Venkatessh Ramakrishnan, Ramprasad Rao, Mark G Rawlings, Alexander W Raymond, Luciano Rezzolla, Freek Roelofs, Alan Rogers, Eduardo Ros, Mel Rose, Arash Roshanineshat, Helge Rottmann, Alan L Roy, Chet Ruszczyk, Kazi LJ Rygl, Salvador Sánchez, David Sánchez-Arguelles, Mahito Sasada, Tuomas Savolainen, Karl-Friedrich Schuster, F Peter Schloerb, Lijing Shao, Zhiqiang Shen, Des Small, Bong Won Sohn, Jason SooHoo, Paul Tiede, Fumie Tazaki, Remo PJ Tilanus, Michael Titus, Kenji Toma, Pablo Torne, Tyler Trent, Thalia Traianou, Sascha Trippe, Shuichiro Tsuda, Huib Jan van Langevelde, Ilse van Bemmel, Daniel R van Rossum, Jan Wagner, John Wardle, Norbert Wex, Jonathan Weintroub, Robert Wharton, Maciek Wielgus, George N Wong, Qingwen Wu, Doosoo Yoon, Ken Young, André Young, Feng Yuan, Ye-Fei Yuan, J Anton Zensus, Guangyao Zhao, Shan-Shan Zhao, Ziyan Zhu. "Verification of Radiative Transfer Schemes for the EHT." The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 897, Issue 2, pp. 148 - 148. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab96c6
dc.identifier.issn1538-4357
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/42339
dc.description.abstractThe Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration has recently produced the first resolved images of the central supermassive black hole in the giant elliptical galaxy M87. Here we report on tests of the consistency and accuracy of the general relativistic radiative transfer codes used within the collaboration to model M87* and Sgr A*. We compare and evaluate (1) deflection angles for equatorial null geodesics in a Kerr spacetime; (2) images calculated from a series of simple, parameterized matter distributions in the Kerr metric using simplified emissivities and absorptivities; (3) for a subset of codes, images calculated from general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics simulations using different realistic synchrotron emissivities and absorptivities; (4) observables for the 2017 configuration of EHT, including visibility amplitudes and closure phases. The error in total flux is of order 1% when the codes are run with production numerical parameters. The dominant source of discrepancies for small camera distances is the location and detailed setup of the software "camera" that each code uses to produce synthetic images. We find that when numerical parameters are suitably chosen and the camera is sufficiently far away the images converge and that for given transfer coefficients, numerical uncertainties are unlikely to limit parameter estimation for the current generation of EHT observations. The purpose of this paper is to describe a verification and comparison of EHT radiative transfer codes. It is not to verify EHT models more generally.en_US
dc.format.extentp. 148en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Astronomical Societyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofThe Astrophysical Journal
dc.subjectBlack hole physicsen_US
dc.subjectHigh energy astrophysicsen_US
dc.subjectRadiative transferen_US
dc.subjectRelativityen_US
dc.subjectGeneral relativityen_US
dc.subjectRelativistic disksen_US
dc.subjectVery long baseline interferometryen_US
dc.subjectRadio astronomyen_US
dc.subjectEvent horizonsen_US
dc.subjectAstronomical and space sciencesen_US
dc.subjectAtomic, molecular, nuclear, particle and plasma physicsen_US
dc.subjectPhysical chemistry (incl. structural)en_US
dc.subjectAstronomy & astrophysicsen_US
dc.titleVerification of radiative transfer schemes for the EHTen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3847/1538-4357/ab96c6
pubs.elements-sourcecrossrefen_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: No embargoen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Astronomyen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen_US
dc.date.online2020-07-13
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0001-7396-3332 (Marscher, Alan P)
dc.identifier.mycv567255


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