Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae for diagnostics, and extra-cellular metabolomics and biochemical monitoring
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Citation (published version)Y. Chen, W.R. Premasiri, L.D. Ziegler. 2018. "Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae for diagnostics, and extra-cellular metabolomics and biochemical monitoring." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Volume 8, pp. ? - ? (12). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23562-5
SERS spectra excited at 785 nm of the bacteria Chlamydia trahomatis (elementary bodies, EB) and Neisseria gonorrheoae, the causative pathogens for the two most common sexually transmitted diseases (STD), chlamydia and gonorrhea, respectively, are reported. Although both are Gram-negative bacteria, the SERS signatures of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrheoae are completely different. N. gonorrheoae SERS spectra are due to the starvation induced nucleotide metabolites adenine and guanine, and the surface associated co-enzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and are very similar on Au and Ag although the spectrum appears more rapidly on Ag. The C. trachomatis SERS spectrum is dominated by the vibrational features of cell surface proteins. While features attributable to specific residues and the amide backbone characterize the C. trachomatis spectrum on Ag, the corresponding SERS spectrum on Au substrates displays vibrational characteristics of aggregated proteins. The prospects for the development of a SERS based platform for rapid (<one hour), low-cost bacterial STD diagnostics are promising based on these initial studies. Furthermore, this biomedical application demonstrates the potential for SERS to be a sensitive real time probe of the dynamics of biochemical activity in the cell wall and extracellular regions of microorganisms.
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