The Solar-wind with Hydrogen Ion Exchange and Large-scale Dynamics (SHIELD) model: a self-consistent kinetic-MHD model of the outer heliosphere
MetadataShow full item record
First author draft
Citation (published version)Adam Michael, Merav Opher, Gabor Toth, V. Tenishev, D. Borovikov. "The Solar-wind with Hydrogen Ion Exchange and Large-scale Dynamics (SHIELD) model: A Self-Consistent Kinetic-MHD Model of the Outer Heliosphere." Astrophysical Journal, https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.01152
Neutral hydrogen has been shown to greatly impact the plasma flow in the heliopshere and the location of the heliospheric boundaries. We present the re- sults of the Solar-wind with Hydrogen Ion Exchange and Large-scale Dynamics (SHIELD) model, a new, self-consistent, kinetic-MHD model of the outer helio- sphere within the Space Weather Modeling Framework. The charge-exchange mean free path is on order of the size of the heliosphere; therefore, the neutral atoms cannot be described as a fluid. The SHIELD model couples the MHD so- lution for a single plasma fluid to the kinetic solution from for neutral hydrogen atoms streaming through the system. The kinetic code is based on the Adaptive Mesh Particle Simulator (AMPS), a Monte Carlo method for solving the Boltz- mann equation. The SHIELD model accurately predicts the increased filtration of interstellar neutrals into the heliosphere. In order to verify the correct imple- mentation within the model, we compare the results of the SHIELD model to other, well-established kinetic-MHD models. The SHIELD model matches the neutral hydrogen solution of these studies as well as the shift in all heliospheric boundaries closer to the Sun in comparison the the multi-fluid treatment of the neutral hydrogen atoms. Overall the SHIELD model shows excellent agreement to these models and is a significant improvement to the fluid treatment of inter- stellar hydrogen.