Upper limits on planet occurrence around ultracool dwarfs with K2
Skinner Manegold, Julie
MetadataShow full item record
Citation (published version)Sheila Sagear, Julie Skinner Manegold, Philip Muirhead. 2020. "Upper Limits on Planet Occurrence around Ultracool Dwarfs with K2." The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 160, Issue 19, https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/ab9224
The occurrence of planets orbiting ultracool dwarfs is poorly constrained. We present results from a guest observer program on NASA's K2 spacecraft to search for transiting planets orbiting a sample of 827 ultracool dwarfs. Having found no transiting planets in our sample, we determined an upper limit on the occurrence of planets. We simulated planets orbiting our sample for a range of orbital periods and sizes. For the simulated planets that transit their host, we injected the transit light curve into the real K2 light curves, then attempted to recover the injected planets. For a given occurrence rate, we calculated the probability of seeing no planets, and use the results to place an upper limit on planet occurrence as a function of planet radius and orbital period. We find that short-period, mini-Neptune- and Jupiter-sized planets are rare around ultracool dwarfs, consistent with results for early- and mid-type M dwarf stars. We constrain the occurrence rate η for planets between 0.5 and 10 R_⊕ with orbital periods between 1 and 26.3 days.
Rights© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.