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dc.contributor.authorPsaltis, Dimitriosen_US
dc.contributor.authorMedeiros, Liaen_US
dc.contributor.authorChristian, Pierreen_US
dc.contributor.authorÖzel, Feryalen_US
dc.contributor.authorAkiyama, Kazunorien_US
dc.contributor.authorAlberdi, Antxonen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlef, Walteren_US
dc.contributor.authorAsada, Keiichien_US
dc.contributor.authorAzulay, Rebeccaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBall, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorBaloković, Mislaven_US
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorBintley, Danen_US
dc.contributor.authorBlackburn, Lindyen_US
dc.contributor.authorBoland, Wilfreden_US
dc.contributor.authorBower, Geoffrey C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBremer, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorBrinkerink, Christiaan D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBrissenden, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.authorBritzen, Silkeen_US
dc.contributor.authorBroguiere, Dominiqueen_US
dc.contributor.authorBronzwaer, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.authorByun, Do-Youngen_US
dc.contributor.authorCarlstrom, John E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChael, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, Chi-Kwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Shamien_US
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Koushiken_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ming-Tangen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yongjunen_US
dc.contributor.authorCho, Iljeen_US
dc.contributor.authorConway, John E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCordes, James M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCrew, Geoffrey B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yuzhuen_US
dc.contributor.authorDavelaar, Jordyen_US
dc.contributor.authorDe Laurentis, Mariafeliciaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDeane, Rogeren_US
dc.contributor.authorDempsey, Jessicaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDesvignes, Gregoryen_US
dc.contributor.authorDexter, Jasonen_US
dc.contributor.authorEatough, Ralph P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFalcke, Heinoen_US
dc.contributor.authorFish, Vincent L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFomalont, Eden_US
dc.contributor.authorFraga-Encinas, Raquelen_US
dc.contributor.authorFriberg, Peren_US
dc.contributor.authorFromm, Christian M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGammie, Charles F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGentaz, Olivieren_US
dc.contributor.authorGoddi, Ciriacoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGómez, José L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGu, Minfengen_US
dc.contributor.authorGurwell, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorHada, Kazuhiroen_US
dc.contributor.authorHesper, Ronalden_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, Luis C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHo, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorHonma, Marekien_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Chih-Wei L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Leien_US
dc.contributor.authorHughes, David H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorInoue, Makotoen_US
dc.contributor.authorIssaoun, Saraen_US
dc.contributor.authorJames, David J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJannuzi, Buell T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJanssen, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Wuen_US
dc.contributor.authorJimenez-Rosales, Alejandraen_US
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Michael D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJorstad, Svetlanaen_US
dc.contributor.authorJung, Taehyunen_US
dc.contributor.authorKarami, Mansouren_US
dc.contributor.authorKaruppusamy, Rameshen_US
dc.contributor.authorKawashima, Tomohisaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKeating, Garrett K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKettenis, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jae-Youngen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Junhanen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jongsooen_US
dc.contributor.authorKino, Motokien_US
dc.contributor.authorKoay, Jun Yien_US
dc.contributor.authorKoch, Patrick M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKoyama, Shokoen_US
dc.contributor.authorKramer, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorKramer, Carstenen_US
dc.contributor.authorKrichbaum, Thomas P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Cheng-Yuen_US
dc.contributor.authorLauer, Tod R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Sang-Sungen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yan-Rongen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Zhiyuanen_US
dc.contributor.authorLindqvist, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorLico, Roccoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Junen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Kuoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiuzzo, Elisabettaen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, Wen-Pingen_US
dc.contributor.authorLobanov, Andrei P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLonsdale, Colinen_US
dc.contributor.authorLu, Ru-Senen_US
dc.contributor.authorMao, Jirongen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarkoff, Seraen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarrone, Daniel P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMarscher, Alan P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMartí-Vidal, Ivánen_US
dc.contributor.authorMatsushita, Satokien_US
dc.contributor.authorMizuno, Yosukeen_US
dc.contributor.authorMizuno, Izumien_US
dc.contributor.authorMoran, James M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoriyama, Kotaroen_US
dc.contributor.authorMoscibrodzka, Monikaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMüller, Corneliaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMusoke, Gibwaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMus Mejías, Alejandroen_US
dc.contributor.authorNagai, Hiroshien_US
dc.contributor.authorNagar, Neil M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNarayan, Rameshen_US
dc.contributor.authorNarayanan, Gopalen_US
dc.contributor.authorNatarajan, Iniyanen_US
dc.contributor.authorNeri, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorNoutsos, Aristeidisen_US
dc.contributor.authorOkino, Hirokien_US
dc.contributor.authorOlivares, Héctoren_US
dc.contributor.authorOyama, Tomoakien_US
dc.contributor.authorPalumbo, Daniel C.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPark, Jonghoen_US
dc.contributor.authorPatel, Nimeshen_US
dc.contributor.authorPen, Ue-Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorPiétu, Vincenten_US
dc.contributor.authorPlambeck, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.authorPopStefanija, Aleksandaren_US
dc.contributor.authorPrather, Benen_US
dc.contributor.authorPreciado-López, Jorge A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRamakrishnan, Venkatesshen_US
dc.contributor.authorRao, Ramprasaden_US
dc.contributor.authorRawlings, Mark G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRaymond, Alexander W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRipperda, Barten_US
dc.contributor.authorRoelofs, Freeken_US
dc.contributor.authorRogers, Alanen_US
dc.contributor.authorRos, Eduardoen_US
dc.contributor.authorRose, Melen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoshanineshat, Arashen_US
dc.contributor.authorRottmann, Helgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Alan L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRuszczyk, Cheten_US
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Benjamin R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRygl, Kazi L.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, Salvadoren_US
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Arguelles, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorSasada, Mahitoen_US
dc.contributor.authorSavolainen, Tuomasen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchloerb, F. Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorSchuster, Karl-Friedrichen_US
dc.contributor.authorShao, Lijingen_US
dc.contributor.authorShen, Zhiqiangen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmall, Desen_US
dc.contributor.authorSohn, Bong Wonen_US
dc.contributor.authorSooHoo, Jasonen_US
dc.contributor.authorTazaki, Fumieen_US
dc.contributor.authorTilanus, Remo P.J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTitus, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorTorne, Pabloen_US
dc.contributor.authorTrent, Tyleren_US
dc.contributor.authorTraianou, Efthaliaen_US
dc.contributor.authorTrippe, Saschaen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Bemmel, Ilseen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Langevelde, Huib Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Rossum, Daniel R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorWardle, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorWard-Thompson, Dereken_US
dc.contributor.authorWeintroub, Jonathanen_US
dc.contributor.authorWex, Norberten_US
dc.contributor.authorWharton, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorWielgus, Macieken_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, George N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWu, Qingwenen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoon, Doosooen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Andréen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Kenen_US
dc.contributor.authorYounsi, Zirien_US
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Fengen_US
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Ye-Feien_US
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Shan-Shanen_US
dc.contributor.authorEHT Collaborationen_US
dc.coverage.spatialUnited Statesen_US
dc.date2020-08-31
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-20T15:12:14Z
dc.date.available2021-07-20T15:12:14Z
dc.date.issued2020-10-02
dc.identifierhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33064506
dc.identifier.citationDimitrios Psaltis, Lia Medeiros, Pierre Christian, Feryal Özel, Kazunori Akiyama, Antxon Alberdi, Walter Alef, Keiichi Asada, Rebecca Azulay, David Ball, Mislav Baloković, John Barrett, Dan Bintley, Lindy Blackburn, Wilfred Boland, Geoffrey C Bower, Michael Bremer, Christiaan D Brinkerink, Roger Brissenden, Silke Britzen, Dominique Broguiere, Thomas Bronzwaer, Do-Young Byun, John E Carlstrom, Andrew Chael, Chi-Kwan Chan, Shami Chatterjee, Koushik Chatterjee, Ming-Tang Chen, Yongjun Chen, Ilje Cho, John E Conway, James M Cordes, Geoffrey B Crew, Yuzhu Cui, Jordy Davelaar, Mariafelicia De Laurentis, Roger Deane, Jessica Dempsey, Gregory Desvignes, Jason Dexter, Ralph P Eatough, Heino Falcke, Vincent L Fish, Ed Fomalont, Raquel Fraga-Encinas, Per Friberg, Christian M Fromm, Charles F Gammie, Roberto García, Olivier Gentaz, Ciriaco Goddi, José L Gómez, Minfeng Gu, Mark Gurwell, Kazuhiro Hada, Ronald Hesper, Luis C Ho, Paul Ho, Mareki Honma, Chih-Wei L Huang, Lei Huang, David H Hughes, Makoto Inoue, Sara Issaoun, David J James, Buell T Jannuzi, Michael Janssen, Wu Jiang, Alejandra Jimenez-Rosales, Michael D Johnson, Svetlana Jorstad, Taehyun Jung, Mansour Karami, Ramesh Karuppusamy, Tomohisa Kawashima, Garrett K Keating, Mark Kettenis, Jae-Young Kim, Junhan Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Motoki Kino, Jun Yi Koay, Patrick M Koch, Shoko Koyama, Michael Kramer, Carsten Kramer, Thomas P Krichbaum, Cheng-Yu Kuo, Tod R Lauer, Sang-Sung Lee, Yan-Rong Li, Zhiyuan Li, Michael Lindqvist, Rocco Lico, Jun Liu, Kuo Liu, Elisabetta Liuzzo, Wen-Ping Lo, Andrei P Lobanov, Colin Lonsdale, Ru-Sen Lu, Jirong Mao, Sera Markoff, Daniel P Marrone, Alan P Marscher, Iván Martí-Vidal, Satoki Matsushita, Yosuke Mizuno, Izumi Mizuno, James M Moran, Kotaro Moriyama, Monika Moscibrodzka, Cornelia Müller, Gibwa Musoke, Alejandro Mus Mejías, Hiroshi Nagai, Neil M Nagar, Ramesh Narayan, Gopal Narayanan, Iniyan Natarajan, Roberto Neri, Aristeidis Noutsos, Hiroki Okino, Héctor Olivares, Tomoaki Oyama, Daniel CM Palumbo, Jongho Park, Nimesh Patel, Ue-Li Pen, Vincent Piétu, Richard Plambeck, Aleksandar PopStefanija, Ben Prather, Jorge A Preciado-López, Venkatessh Ramakrishnan, Ramprasad Rao, Mark G Rawlings, Alexander W Raymond, Bart Ripperda, Freek Roelofs, Alan Rogers, Eduardo Ros, Mel Rose, Arash Roshanineshat, Helge Rottmann, Alan L Roy, Chet Ruszczyk, Benjamin R Ryan, Kazi LJ Rygl, Salvador Sánchez, David Sánchez-Arguelles, Mahito Sasada, Tuomas Savolainen, F Peter Schloerb, Karl-Friedrich Schuster, Lijing Shao, Zhiqiang Shen, Des Small, Bong Won Sohn, Jason SooHoo, Fumie Tazaki, Remo PJ Tilanus, Michael Titus, Pablo Torne, Tyler Trent, Efthalia Traianou, Sascha Trippe, Ilse van Bemmel, Huib Jan van Langevelde, Daniel R van Rossum, Jan Wagner, John Wardle, Derek Ward-Thompson, Jonathan Weintroub, Norbert Wex, Robert Wharton, Maciek Wielgus, George N Wong, Qingwen Wu, Doosoo Yoon, André Young, Ken Young, Ziri Younsi, Feng Yuan, Ye-Fei Yuan, Shan-Shan Zhao, EHT Collaboration. 2020. "Gravitational Test beyond the First Post-Newtonian Order with the Shadow of the M87 Black Hole.." Phys Rev Lett, Volume 125, Issue 14, pp. 141104 - ?. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.141104
dc.identifier.issn1079-7114
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/42766
dc.description.abstractThe 2017 Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) observations of the central source in M87 have led to the first measurement of the size of a black-hole shadow. This observation offers a new and clean gravitational test of the black-hole metric in the strong-field regime. We show analytically that spacetimes that deviate from the Kerr metric but satisfy weak-field tests can lead to large deviations in the predicted black-hole shadows that are inconsistent with even the current EHT measurements. We use numerical calculations of regular, parametric, non-Kerr metrics to identify the common characteristic among these different parametrizations that control the predicted shadow size. We show that the shadow-size measurements place significant constraints on deviation parameters that control the second post-Newtonian and higher orders of each metric and are, therefore, inaccessible to weak-field tests. The new constraints are complementary to those imposed by observations of gravitational waves from stellar-mass sources.en_US
dc.format.extentp. 141104en_US
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPhys Rev Lett
dc.subjectEHT collaborationen_US
dc.subjectGeneral physicsen_US
dc.subjectMathematical sciencesen_US
dc.subjectPhysical sciencesen_US
dc.subjectEngineeringen_US
dc.titleGravitational test beyond the first post-Newtonian order with the shadow of the M87 black holeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.141104
pubs.elements-sourcepubmeden_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: No embargoen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Astronomyen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0001-7396-3332 (Marscher, Alan P)
dc.identifier.mycv571784


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