Glass-fiber-reinforced polymeric film as an efficient protecting layer for stable Li metal electrodes
Sokolov, Alexei P.
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Citation (published version)S. Gao, A. Cannon, F. Sun, Y. Pan, D. Yang, S. Ge, N. Liu, A.P. Sokolov, E. Ryan, H. Yang, P.-.F. Cao. 2021. "Glass-fiber-reinforced polymeric film as an efficient protecting layer for stable Li metal electrodes." Cell Reports Physical Science, Volume 2, Issue 8, 100534. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xcrp.2021.100534
[SUMMARY] With numerous reports on protecting films for stable lithium (Li) metal electrodes, the key attributes for how to construct these efficient layers have rarely been fully investigated. Here, we report a rationally designed hybrid protective layer (HPL) with each component aligning with one key attribute; i.e., cross-linked poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) enhances flexibility, polyethylene glycol (PEG) provides homogeneous ion-conducting channels, and glass fiber (GF) affords mechanical robustness. A significant improvement of the electrochemical performance of HPL-modified electrodes can be achieved in Li/HPL@Cu half cells, HPL@Li/HPL@Li symmetric cells, and HPL@Li/LiFePO4 full cells. Even with an industrial standard LiFePO4 cathode (96.8 wt % active material), the assembled cell still exhibits a capacity retention of 90% after 100 cycles at 1 C. More importantly, the functionality of each component has been studied comprehensively via electrochemical and physical experiments and simulations, which will provide useful guidance on how to construct efficient protective layers for next-generation energy storage devices.
RightsCopyright 2021 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).