Pilot study: prognostic biomarkers for interstitial lung disease in systemic sclerosis
Mantero, Julio C.
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Interstitial lung disease is one of the main causes of mortality in Systemic Sclerosis. The course of the disease is clinically variable where patients can suffer from a range of stable disease to rapid progressive clinical deterioration. Therefore, it is important to identify biomarkers that can predict the clinical course of patients in order to provide early treatment. We evaluated 1129 proteins utilizing novel high-throughput SOMAlogic proteomic technology from the serum of 13 LSSc, 13 progressive ILD and 11 stable ILD patients. Calpain-1 was significantly elevated in progressive ILD patients (median 15129 RFU, 11091-24561) compared to LSSc patients (12759, 9904-15498, p=0.0015) and stable ILD patients (11876, 10271-14249, p=0.0005). Coagulation Factor V was significantly lower in the progressive ILD patients (7161 RFU, 2140-8296) compared to LSSc patients (10311 RFU, 6396-12260, p=0.001) and stable ILD patients (9646 RFU, 6510-11941, p=0.0016). The combination of Coagulation Factor V and Calpain-1 produced an area under the curve of 0.97 (95% CI, 0.921-0.99), sensitivity of 99% and specificity of 91% for the identification of progressive ILD. We have identified a combination of proteins that show potential to be prognostic biomarkers for ILD in SSc.