What is the difference between implant success and survival and how will it change the future use of implants as a permanent solution to tooth loss?
Batth, Ramneek Kaur
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The nature of dental implants as a treatment plan for patients is often viewed as something relatively new, but the idea of dental implants has long been a part of history. Dating back as far as the Mayan civilization, dental implants have increasingly become prevalent in modern society. As time progressed, various modern forms of dental implants materialized, with the first of these being the eposteal implant. Post 1943, the eposteal dental implants were then replaced by the more novel transosteal implants, and then followed by the current implant model, the endosteal implant. Presently, in the US alone, there are upwards of 700,000 implants being inserted annually so there is no question of the impact dental implants have, and will continue to have, on dentistry and quality of life for patients. Implants are often evaluated in terms of success versus survival, where "success" is denoted if a particular implant meets the success criteria it is being evaluated with, while "survival" simply means the implant exists in the mouth. The impasse that arises here is that the two terms of success and survival are so closely intertwined that implant success can be misrepresented, and wrongfully thought of as ubiquitous among all patients. This literature review takes a comprehensive look at dental implants, and proceeds to evaluate associated case studies as well as posit how implants affect modern day dentistry.