Application of Biological Learning Theories to Mobile Robot Avoidance and Approach Behaviors
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We present a neural network that learns to control approach and avoidance behaviors in a mobile robot using the mechanisms of classical and operant conditioning. Learning, which requires no supervision, takes place as the robot moves around an environment cluttered with obstacles and light sources. The neural network requires no knowledge of the geometry of the robot or of the quality, number or configuration of the robot's sensors. In this article we provide a detailed presentation of the model, and show our results with the Khepera and Pioneer 1 mobile robots.