The comparative effect on physical properties of denture cleanser, ultrasonic cleaning, and brushing on denture base resin
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This study aims to compare the physical properties of denture base resin after staining by beverages, treatment by four cleaning methods, and selecting the optimal cleaning method. Two hundred and ninety square Lucitone dental acrylic specimens were fabricated. Three relevant experiences are performed. Part I will compare cleaning methods effects on physical properties of denture resin. The purpose of this part is to test the effects of different cleaning methods on the physical properties of the denture resin on ideal condition (without stain). Part II will compare the staining effects on denture resin. The purpose of this part is to find the impact of different dyes on the physical properties of the denture resin without cleaning. Part III will compare staining and cleaning effects on denture resin. The purpose of this part is to select the best cleaning methods with less defect and more efficient for denture cleaning. Significance differences are found between different cleaning methods and stains. For all stain, denture cleanser combined brushing is more efficient to remove the stain than other cleaning methods. However, this method causes significate damage to denture base resin. Meanwhile, ultrasonic combine denture cleanser showed lower changes in surface roughness, weight and thickness, and higher surface hardness. In red wine staining, cleaning denture with ultrasound only showed lower differences and higher surface hardness. Within the scope of this study, the optimal selections of denture base cleaning methods for different stains are suggested. For coffee and tea stains, ultrasonication after cleanser application causes fewer effects on physical properties and better efficiency for stain removal than other cleaning methods. For red wine stains, cleaning dentures with ultrasound only cause a fewer impact on material properties and more efficient stain removal. In the clinic, home-care and cleaning protocol should explain to denture patient at the delivery appointment. Instead of giving the universal instruction, customization cleaning protocols are preferred to individual patients. Social hobbies especially the diet of the patient should be analyzed individually. According to the present study, a customized combined cleaning protocol can recommend to the individual patient and the improvement of denture longevity can be predicted.