Holographic particle localization under multiple scattering
Kamilov, Ulugbek S.
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Citation (published version)Waleed Tahir, Ulugbek S. Kamilov, Lei Tian. 2019. "Holographic particle localization under multiple scattering." Advanced Photonics, Volume 1:036003. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.AP.1.3.036003
We introduce a new computational framework that incorporates multiple scattering for large-scale 3D particle localization using single-shot in-line holography. Traditional holographic techniques rely on single-scattering models that become inaccurate under high particle densities and large refractive index contrasts. Existing multiple scattering solvers become computationally prohibitive for large-scale problems, which comprise of millions of voxels within the scattering volume. Our approach overcomes the computational bottleneck by slice-wise computation of multiple scattering under an efficient recursive framework. In the forward model, each recursion estimates the next higher-order multiple scattered field among the object slices. In the inverse model, each order of scattering is recursively estimated by a novel nonlinear optimization procedure. This nonlinear inverse model is further supplemented by a sparsity promoting procedure that is particularly effective in localizing 3D distributed particles. We show that our multiple scattering model leads to significant improvement in the quality of 3D localization compared to traditional methods based on single scattering approximation. Our experiments demonstrate robust inverse multiple scattering, allowing reconstruction of 100 million voxels from a single 1-megapixel hologram with a sparsity prior. The performance bound of our approach is quantified in simulation and validated experimentally. Our work promises utilization of multiple scattering for versatile large-scale applications.
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