Airbnb 2.0: is it a sharing economy platform or a lodging corporation?
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Citation (published version)Tarik Dogru, Makarand Mody, Courtney Suess, Nathan Line, Mark Bonn. 2020. "Airbnb 2.0: is it a sharing economy platform or a lodging corporation?" Tourism Management, Volume 78, Article 104049. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2019.104049
Research on Airbnb has provided significant evidence that it has an adverse impact on hotel performance. However, the impact of a more recent Airbnb-related phenomenon that remains under-explored is the increasing professionalization of Airbnb and the prevalence of multi-unit hosts who offer more than one listing on the platform and are typically more dynamic in terms of issues like managing inventory and providing more standardized experiences. This professionalization begs the question of whether Airbnb should be considered a sharing economy platform or a lodging corporation (Airbnb 2.0). To answer this question, the present study identifies which types of Airbnb properties (entire homes, private rooms, or shared rooms) and host structures (single- or multi-unit hosts) are the biggest threats to traditional lodging companies in the U.S., and which states are most affected by the presence of Airbnb. The findings have significant implications for researchers and many practitioners associated with the phenomenon.