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dc.contributor.authorRuck, Carl Anton Paulen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-13T17:59:41Z
dc.date.available2021-04-13T17:59:41Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationCarl Anton Paul Ruck. "Mushroom Sacraments in the Cults of Early Europe." NeuroQuantology, Volume 14, Issue 1, https://doi.org/10.14704/nq.2016.14.1.897
dc.identifier.issn1303-5150
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/42395
dc.description.abstractIn 1957, R. Gordon Wasson, a professional banker and amateur mycologist, inadvertently launched a profound cultural change that has come to be called the Psychedelic Revolution, by publishing an account of his experience with a Mazatec shaman in Hautla de Jiménez in the mountains of central Mexico. The article appeared in Life magazine and was intended as publicity for his forthcoming Russia, Mushrooms, and History, in which he and his Russian-born wife Valentina Pavlovna pursued their lifelong fascination with their dichotomous attitudes toward fungi, which had led them to suspect a cultural taboo upon a sacred object. In 1968 he traced this taboo back to the Vedic Soma, which he identified as a psychoactive mushroom. The identification, if correct, implied that there should be evidence for a similar sacred role for the mushroom in other regions in antiquity where the migrating Indo-European people settled. In 1978, he proposed such a role for the visionary potion that was central to the mystical experience of the Greek Eleusinian Mystery, that was celebrated annually for two millennia at a sanctuary near Athens. The possibility that the ancient Greeks indulged in chemically altered consciousness is antithetical to Europe’s idealization of Classical antiquity and the proposal was largely ignored. Mushrooms, however, were fundamental to social norms and religious observances in the celebration of Dionysus, and figured in other Mystery cults and in the foundational traditions of many cities, including Mycenae and Rome. The Soma sacrament as the Persian haoma was proselytized to the West by the Zoroastrian priests of Mithras and became a major cohesive indoctrination for the Emperors, army, and bureaucrats who administered the Roman Empire. It survived the Conversion to Christianity in the knighthoods of late antiquity and the medieval world, and was assimilated to the Eucharist of certain of the ecclesiastical elite.en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherNeuroQuantology Journalen_US
dc.relation.ispartofNeuroQuantology
dc.rightsCopyright © 2016 NeuroQuantology - All Rights Reserveden_US
dc.subjectMushroomen_US
dc.subjectErgoten_US
dc.subjectDionysusen_US
dc.subjectApolloen_US
dc.subjectMithraismen_US
dc.subjectRenaissance arten_US
dc.subjectPrehistoric rock arten_US
dc.titleMushroom Sacraments in the cults of early Europeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.14704/nq.2016.14.1.897
pubs.elements-sourcecrossrefen_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: No embargoen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Classical Studiesen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen_US
dc.date.online2016-01-05
dc.identifier.mycv174807


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