Cache-and-Relay Streaming Media Delivery for Asynchronous Clients
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We consider the problem of delivering popular streaming media to a large number of asynchronous clients. We propose and evaluate a cache-and-relay end-system multicast approach, whereby a client joining a multicast session caches the stream, and if needed, relays that stream to neighboring clients which may join the multicast session at some later time. This cache-and-relay approach is fully distributed, scalable, and efficient in terms of network link cost. In this paper we analytically derive bounds on the network link cost of our cache-and-relay approach, and we evaluate its performance under assumptions of limited client bandwidth and limited client cache capacity. When client bandwidth is limited, we show that although finding an optimal solution is NP-hard, a simple greedy algorithm performs surprisingly well in that it incurs network link costs that are very close to a theoretical lower bound. When client cache capacity is limited, we show that our cache-and-relay approach can still significantly reduce network link cost. We have evaluated our cache-and-relay approach using simulations over large, synthetic random networks, power-law degree networks, and small-world networks, as well as over large real router-level Internet maps.