From extinction learning to anxiety treatment: mind the gap
Carpenter, Joseph K.
Hofmann, Stefan G.
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Citation (published version)Joseph K Carpenter, Megan Pinaire, Stefan G Hofmann. 2019. "From Extinction Learning to Anxiety Treatment: Mind the Gap.." Brain Sci, Volume 9, Issue 7, https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9070164
Laboratory models of extinction learning in animals and humans have the potential to illuminate methods for improving clinical treatment of fear-based clinical disorders. However, such translational research often neglects important differences between threat responses in animals and fear learning in humans, particularly as it relates to the treatment of clinical disorders. Specifically, the conscious experience of fear and anxiety, along with the capacity to deliberately engage top-down cognitive processes to modulate that experience, involves distinct brain circuitry and is measured and manipulated using different methods than typically used in laboratory research. This paper will identify how translational research that investigates methods of enhancing extinction learning can more effectively model such elements of human fear learning, and how doing so will enhance the relevance of this research to the treatment of fear-based psychological disorders.
Rights© 2019 by the authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).